Last edited by Maulabar
Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

5 edition of Long-Lived Radionuclide Chemistry in Nuclear Waste Treatment found in the catalog.

Long-Lived Radionuclide Chemistry in Nuclear Waste Treatment

by Nea

  • 105 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by OECD .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Development economics,
  • Development studies,
  • Nuclear power & engineering,
  • Science,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Technology & Industrial Arts,
  • Engineering - Nuclear,
  • Environmental Science

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages272
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9127446M
    ISBN 109264161481
    ISBN 109789264161481

    Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other . Learn more about these metrics Article Views are the COUNTER-compliant sum of full text article downloads since November (both PDF and HTML) across all institutions and individuals. These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received .

    Geological disposal is the preferred option for the final storage of high-level nuclear waste and spent nuclear fuel in most countries. The selected host rock may be different in individual national programs for radioactive-waste management and the engineered barrier systems that protect and isolate the waste may also differ, but almost all programs are considering an engineered by: O hospitals worldwide use radioisotopes in medicine, and about 90% of the procedures are for diagnosis. The most common radioisotope used in diagnosis is technetium (Tc), with some 40 million procedures per year, accounting for about 80% of all nuclear medicine procedures and 85% of diagnostic scans in nuclear medicine worldwide.

    Much of this waste (especially the transuranic waste) contains substantial quantities of long-lived radionuclides, such as plutonium and technetium The radioactive components of mixed wastes are regulated under the Atomic Energy Act by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for commercial sources, and by the Department of Energy for military. Long-lived radioactive species are present in the chemical wastes generated and require containment and disposal facilities. 4. It is difficult to remove traces of radionuclidic impurities from the 99 Mo and consequently there will be detectable but very low levels of several other radionuclides in generators that are prepared the fission product.


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Long-Lived Radionuclide Chemistry in Nuclear Waste Treatment by Nea Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Long-Lived Radionuclide Chemistry in Nuclear Waste Treatment on FREE SHIPPING on qualified ordersAuthor: Nea. Get this from a library.

Proceedings of the workshop on long-lived radionuclide chemistry in nuclear waste treatment: Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, France, June [NEA Nuclear Science Committee.; France.

Commissariat à l'énergie atomique.]. A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.

This excess energy can be used in one of three ways: emitted from the nucleus as gamma radiation; transferred to one of its electrons to release it as a conversion electron; or used to create and emit a new particle (alpha particle or beta particle).

The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass.

With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and nuclear safety professionals, radiochemists, academics.

Diagnostic wastes. Procedures for handling and disposal of wastes generated from diagnostic use of radioactive isotopes are described in the Royal Hospital document.[] All 99m Tc daily wastes (disposables) are allowed to mix with normal wastes after a hour delay.

All wastes like used syringes and gloves are collected in plastic containers with dates of collection being. Radioactive waste is waste that contains radioactive ctive waste is usually a by-product of nuclear power generation and other applications of nuclear fission or nuclear technology, such as research and ctive waste is hazardous to most forms of life and the environment, and is regulated by government agencies in order to protect human.

Treatment and Conditioning of Nuclear Waste (Updated June ) Before disposal, nuclear waste needs to be in solid form and resistant to leaching.

Packaging should be appropriate to the waste and its disposal. High-activity waste requires shielding. of waste package • Radionuclide transport in groundwater – hydrology, sorption on rock surfaces, actinide chemistry • Biosphere transport – potable water supplies, irrigation water, demography -- current and long-term Nuclear Energy Economics and Policy Analysis 34 17 4/26/04File Size: 1MB.

chemistry and analysis of radionuclides Download chemistry and analysis of radionuclides or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format.

Click Download or Read Online button to get chemistry and analysis of radionuclides book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

"The book is intended as an introductory text for postgraduate students and researchers in the field. In addition, it serves as an excellent source of knowledge for undergraduates (in physics, chemistry, geology, materials etc.) who require general information on nuclear waste and its immobilisation." --Dr.

John Fernie, MATERIALS WORLD, May As a follow up to this state-of-the-art report, the NEA arranged the Workshop on Long-lived Radionuclide Chemistry in Nuclear Waste Treatment.

This was organised by the CEA, France, in June at Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, France. The objective of this workshop was to.

Without doubt, the major impetus for the advancement in radionuclide generator technology stems from nuclear medicine requirements, as a means of. While part two reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment.

The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction.

The IVth generation of nuclear reactors cannot be developed without chemical solutions for fuel fabrication, radiation-coolants interaction phenomena. @article{osti_, title = {Immobilization of long-lived radionuclides in carbon matrices produced with the use of polyimide binders}, author = {Abdulakhatov, Murat and Bartenev, Sergey and Firsin, Nikolai and Zykov, Mikhail and Goikhman, Mikhail and Gribanov, Alexander and Novikov, Valery and Krasznail, John}, abstractNote = {Available in abstract form only.

Here we show the efficacy of graphene oxide (GO) for rapid removal of some of the most toxic and radioactive long-lived human-made radionuclides from contaminated water, even from acidic solutions (pH Cited by: behaviour of long-lived radionuclides associated with deep-sea disposal of radioactive wastes report of a co-ordinated research programme organized by the international atomic energy agency a technical document issued by the international atomic energy agency, vienna, The radioactivity of all nuclear waste diminishes with time.

All radioisotopes contained in the waste have a half-life—the time it takes for any radionuclide to lose half of its radioactivity—and eventually all radioactive waste decays into non-radioactive elements (i.e., stable isotopes).Certain radioactive elements (such as plutonium) in “spent” fuel will remain.

Scientists look at half-life decay rates of radioactive isotopes to estimate when a particular atom might decay. A useful application of half-lives is radioactive dating. This has to do with figuring out the age of ancient things. If you could watch a single atom of a radioactive isotope, U, for example, you wouldn’t be able [ ].

@article{osti_, title = {High-level waste borosilicate glass: A compendium of corrosion characteristics. Volume 3}, author = {Cunnane, J C and Bates, J K and Bradley, C R}, abstractNote = {The objective of this document is to summarize scientific information pertinent to evaluating the extent to which high-level waste borosilicate glass corrosion and the associated Cited by: Proceedings of the Workshop on Long-lived radionuclide chemistry in nuclear waste treatment, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, France, June / Nuclear energy agency Workshop on Long-lived radionuclide chemistry in nuclear waste treatment, Villeneuve-Lès-Avignon.There are actually two classifications of the stuff; low-level and high-level radioactive wastes.

Low-level nuclear waste is the trash produced from cleaning materials and plant maintenance, similar to most industrial garbage with one difference; it's detectably -level waste from nuclear plants is about equal in volume and radioactivity to the combined radioactive trash .